Weekend reading for the philosophically inclined. Alexander Dugin is one of the foremost thinkers of the times in terms of influence, so I am putting it up for those that may find it interesting and approachable. While he is a sociologist by training, he is generally considered a philosopher.
Dugin's theory is Heideggerian, which automatically means difficult to understand. There are probably as many interpretations of Heidegger as serious readers of him. It's not important whether Dugin gets Heidegger "right," whatever that means, but rather what he does with Heidegger as a jumping off point for his own thinking. This is typically what philosophers do. The history of philosophy is dialectical, as Hegel observed.
Heidegger's characteristic terminology is invented, making it even more dense, especially for those not familiar with German, where such constructs are not uncommon. Here is a Heideggerian glossary.
It is also useful to know that Heidegger was an "existentialist." Existentialism is opposed dialectically to essentialism. Dialectic views opposites not as contradictory but as complementary. In the preface to Phenomenology of Spirit, Hegel observes that "the truth is the whole." So to assert an aspect of the whole as being true necessarily calls forth its complement. Focus on essence chiefly misses existence as its complementary opposite in the whole of being. This is similar to function as complementary to structure.
Essence and structure are liminal, while existence and function are subliminal, but the latter are no less important and from the existentialist and functionalist perspectives, they are more important to recognize and acknowledge because they are generally overlooked.
Margaret Thatcher once declared, "There is no such thing as society." Structuralists respond that society is a system whose structure can be articulated. Functionalists add that there is more to it that that: Society is a communal process that involves life and the living of it interactively.
Heidegger and Dugin seek to and delve and beneath this and express it in a way that others can grasp. This involves elucidation more than description.
The Fourth Revolutionary War
The Existential Theory of Society